one of the more long-lived hardwoods, found in AHF sites, but also in other locations, often with hemlock.
once one of the most common and widespread forest hardwoods, beech is increasingly subject to a canker which arrived here from Europe in the early 20th century; few beech now reach large size.
far less common than previously in the region’s forests; Dutch Elm Disease, now present locally for more than half a century, has killed most of the large elms.
scattered throughout AHF sites, sometimes reaching more than 40 cm in diameter.
one of the marker species; considered to have “conservation significance”; can reach more than a metre in diameter although trees this size are rare; often has two trunks, with little branching below the crown; large basswood frequently have cavities and become den trees for birds or mammals.
another AHF marker; widespread in the watershed; now being threatened by a canker, first detected here in 1997, which has devastated butternut stands in other parts of eastern North America.
an AHF marker; widespread in the watershed and widely used for tool handles such as axes, shovels and hammers.
an AHF marker, aka Eastern Hophornbeam; small tree seldom reaching more than 30 cm in diameter; very hard wood; fruit hang in clusters similar to hops.
probably the most common tree in AHF sites.
Other Local Tree Species
found in scattered locations in the Meduxnekeag watershed
less commonly found than previously; considered to be a conservation concern; hemlock is one of the longest-lived conifers; most of the original growth hemlock in the Meduxnekeag watershed were cut in the late 19th to early 20th centuries for their bark, to be used in the local leather tanning industry.
uncommonly scattered in the watershed, usually on stream banks or other areas of wet soil; capable of becoming a very large tree; roots play valuable role in erosion control.
Northern White Cedar
found scattered in many forest types, often streambanks and in wetland areas, but sometimes in uplands; a tree of conservation concern whose numbers are considered to be in decline provincially.
common, thrives in many situations, including wet areas; often the first tree to turn colour in the fall.
a small short-lived tree with green and white vertically striped bark and large maple-like leaves; flourishes in hardwood and mixed forest in the understorey.
usually smaller than White Ash; found in wet, boggy or seepy areas; “basket ash”