Flora

The watershed of the Meduxnekeag River in New Brunswick is home to a significant part of the province’s remaining stands of Appalachian Hardwood Forest, a forest type not found elsewhere in Atlantic Canada. AHF is similar to tolerant hardwood forests normally found further south and west – in New England and Quebec –  and contains many flowering plants and ferns rare or uncommon in New Brunswick. Some of these rare and uncommon species are relatively widespread in the watershed’s remnant AHF stands; others are known from only a few locations.

The following very rare, rare, or uncommon (provincial designations) AHF species are known from the Meduxnekeag watershed:

Pointed Leaf Tick Trefoil

(Desmodium glutinosum)

is extremely rare in New Brunswick, known from only one site: Bell Forest. Flowering in mid-summer on the north bank of the Meduxnekeag.

Bottlebrush Grass

(Hysrtrix patula)

gets its name from its seedhead shape. Listed as very rare by the New Brunswick Committee on Endangered Species, one of its four known New Brunswick sites is in the Meduxnekeag watershed.

Canada Violet

(Viola canadensis)

a very rare species, flowering in June, six of whose seven known New Brunswick locations are in the Meduxnekeag watershed.

Black Snakeroot (Fragrant Snakeroot)

(Sanicula odorata)

 is known from only five sites in New Brunswick, all in Carleton county, three of them in the Meduxnekeag watershed. Listed as very rare.

Black Snakeroot (Large-fruited Snakeroot)

(Sanicula trifoliata)

is similar to the above, also very rare, known from three Meduxnekeag sites and three elsewhere in New Brunswick.

Northern Wild Comfrey

(Cynoglossum boreale)

very rare in New Brunswick, known from fewer than eight sites, one in the Meduxnekeag watershed

Nodding Fescue

(Festuca verticillata)

very rare; known from only four New Brunswick sites, one in the Meduxnekeag watershed

Plantain-leafed Sedge

(Carex plantaginea)

very rare in New Brunswick, known from several Meduxnekeag locations including Bell Forest where more than a dozen separate clumps flourish on and beside the old woods road.

Showy Orchis

(Galearis spectabilis)

rare in New Brunswick, most of its ten known sites are in the Meduxnekeag watershed. Flowers in early June.

Wild Leek

(Allium tricoccum)

rare in New Brunswick; grows in several locations in the Meduxnekeag watershed.

Lance-leafed Grape Fern

(Botrychium lanceolatum)

rare in New Brunswick, known from two Meduxnekeag sites.

Pubescent Sedge

(Carex hirtifolia)

rare in New Brunswick; four of its seven known locations are in the Meduxnekeag watershed. Found in Bell Forest.

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Sprengel’s Sedge

(Carex sprengelii)

rare in New Brunswick; known from several Meduxnekeag watershed sites.

Goldie’s Fern

(Dryopteris goldiana)

rare in New Brunswick, known from several Meduxnekeag locations including Bell Forest. One of the largest woodland ferns.

Leatherwood

(Dirca palustris)

 rare in New Brunswick, this shrub grows in several Meduxnekeag forest sites, sometimes reaching 3 metres in height.

Wild Coffee

(Triosteum aurantiacum)

 rare in New Brunswick with most known sites in the Meduxnekeag watershed; abundant in both Bell Forest and Leonard Woods.